Announcing NetBSD 10.0 RC1 (Nov 5, 2023)
The NetBSD Project is pleased to announce NetBSD 10.0 RC1, the first release candidate for the eighteenth major release of the NetBSD operating system.
It represents culmulative improvements to the operating system since NetBSD 9.x was originally branched in 2019.
An existing installation can be upgraded by booting an installation image and selecting the Upgrade option, or unattended upgrades can be performed sysupgrade tool from pkgsrc.
If you are using sysupgrade, update the kernel and modules first, then reboot and update your userspace.
You will need to adjust any package repository URL and update all third-party packages. Note also the addition of the
gpufw set, which may need to be installed separately with sysinst(8).
Please take particular note of Changes to system behaviour and compatibility if you are upgrading from an earlier release.
Benchmarks of NetBSD 10 show huge performance and scalabiliy gains over NetBSD 9.x, especially on multiprocessor and multicore systems, for compute and filesystem-bound applications. Areas of improvement included:
- Switched the kernel's file path lookup cache to use faster per-directory red-black trees.
- Improved scheduler performance, including the ability to more appropriately spread load on a mixture of slow and fast cores (e.g. big.LITTLE Arm CPUs).
Various optimizations for the machine-independent virtual memory system:
- Switched to a faster radix tree algorithm for memory page lookups.
- Improved tracking of clean/dirty pages, speeding up fsync(2) on large files by orders of magnitude.
- Improved parallelization: rewritten page allocator with awareness of CPU topology, replaced global counters with per-CPU counters, and reduced lock contention.
- Improved the performance of the select(2) and poll(2) system calls.
Improved the performance of
tmpfs. implemented lazy update of atime/mtime.
- Various optimizations of architecture-dependent x86 and AArch64 code, vastly improved network and I/O throughput on aarch64.
- Various boot speed improvements.
Compatibility with WireGuard®:
- A new interface, wg(4), provides a VPN tunnel compatible with the WireGuard® specification.
- A userspace implementation using a rump kernel server is also included, see wg-userspace(4)
- The NetBSD implementation works with WireGuard® implementations used by commercial VPN providers, Android, Linux, and more.
Stronger, faster cryptography:
- Added an implementation of the Adiantum cipher for efficient disk encryption with cgd(4) on systems without AES acceleration.
- Added support for shared keys to cgdconfig(8), allowing multiple derived subkeys to be used across multiple drives.
- Switched the default password hashing algorithm to Argon2id, winner of the Password Hashing Competition. The algorithm's hardness automatically scales with system performance. Added support for Argon2id to cgdconfig(8) for use in password-based disk encryption.
- The kernel now takes advantage of CPU acceleration and vectorization for common cryptographic algorithms on x86 and Arm, including AES and ChaCha. All in-kernel implementations of AES are now constant-time on all architectures.
Swap encryption is now automatic using the
Support for new Armv8-A security features:
- Privileged Access Never - helps prevent inadvertent userspace memory access by the kernel.
- Pointer Authentication - helps defend against return-oriented programming attacks on buffer overrun.
- Branch Target Identification - limits the locations to which branch instructions can jump.
More sanitizers, testing capabilities, and quality assurance:
- Kernel Concurrency Sanitizer - detects race conditions in the kernel at runtime.
- Kernel Memory Sanitizer - detects uninitialized memory in the kernel at runtime.
- A new virtual USB host driver (vHCI) allows fuzzing and detecting bugs in USB drivers from userspace, even if the hardware is unavailable to developers.
- More than 2000 new test cases were added.
- Completed various kernel-wide audits of internal API usage: membar_ops(3), autoconf(9), device detach...
- Added restrictions on hardlink creation to secmodel_extensions(9).
Improved support for Arm:
- Allwinner V3s SoC support, found in e.g. the Lichee Pi Zero.
- Amlogic G12 SoC support, found in e.g. the ODROID-N2+.
- Apple M1 SoC support, e.g. the M1 Mac Mini.
- NXP i.MX 8M SoC support, found in e.g. the HummingBoard Pulse.
- NXP i.MX 6SoloX SoC support, found in e.g. the UDOO Neo Full.
Raspberry Pi 4 support. Boot NetBSD from USB with EDK II UEFI firmware
installed to the SD card, or copy EDK II to the
- Rockchip RK356X support, found in e.g. the PINE64 Quartz64 (with EDK II UEFI firmware installed).
- Rockchip RK3588 support, found in e.g. the Orange Pi 5 (with EDK II UEFI firmware installed)
- Rockchip RK3288 support, found in e.g. the Asus Tinker Board.
- Added support for booting the Raspberry Pi 0-3 in big endian mode.
- Added support for ACPI Collaborative Processor Performance Control, used for CPU performance adjustment on ServerReady hardware.
Added support for compat_linux(8) on AArch64, making it possible
to run Linux userspace programs when the
compat_linuxmodule is enabled in
- Added support for spiflash on Rockchip RK3328.
Moved support for the Xilinx Zynq-7000 into the
GENERICevbarm kernel (based on FDTs).
rkv1cryptodriver on the PINE64 Rock64.
UEFI bootloader improvements: support for other-endian FFS
booting from raid(4) volumes, ISO9660 (.iso file system) support,
gopcommand for changing the video mode, loading kernel modules directly from the bootloader.
- aht20temp(4) - a driver for Aosong AHT20 temperature and humidity sensors.
- eqos(4) - a driver for DesignWare Ethernet Quality-of-Service controllers.
- genet - a driver for Broadcom GENETv5 Ethernet controllers, found on the Raspberry Pi 4.
- ixl(4) - a driver for Intel Ethernet 700 series 10/25/40 Gigabit Ethernet adapters.
- iavf(4) - a driver for Intel Ethernet Adaptive Virtual Functions.
- mcommphy(4) - a driver for Motorcomm YT8511C / YT8511H Gigabit Ethernet transceivers.
- mos(4) - a driver for MosChip MCS7730/7830/7832 USB Ethernet devices.
- nct(4) - a driver for Nuvoton NCT5104D GPIO controllers, found on PC Engines APU systems.
- pcf8574 - a GPIO driver used for LEDs and indicators on some SPARC64 hardware.
- qat(4) - a driver for Intel QuickAssist cryptographic accelerators.
- rge(4) - a driver for Realtek 8125 2.5 Gigabit Ethernet adapters.
- scmd(4) - a driver for Sparkfun Serial Controlled Motors.
- sgp40mox(4) - a driver for Sensirion SGP40 MOx gas sensors.
- sht3xtemp(4) - a driver for Sensirion SHT30/SHT31/SHT35 humidity/temperature sensors.
- sht4xtemp(4) - a driver for Sensirion SHT40/SHT41/SHT45 humidity/temperature sensors.
- uintuos(4) - a driver for Wacom Intuos drawing tablet pens.
- wwanc(4) - a driver for Intel XMM7360 LTE modems.
- Synced the GPU drivers in the kernel with Linux 5.6, bringing lots of new hardware support for accelerated graphics, for Intel (via _i915_), Nvidia (via _nouveau_), and AMD (via _amdgpu_ and _radeon_) graphics processors.
acpi(4) - added
/dev/acpi. a character device for accessing ACPI tables. acpidump(8) no longer requires
- amdsmn, amdzentemp - added support for AMD Family 17h/Axh, 17h/6xh, 19h/6xh, 19h/7xh.
- aq(4) - added hardware TCP/UDP RX checksum offloading for Aquantia 2.5/5/10 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces, and support for the Marvell AQC113 10G adapter.
bge(4) - removed requirement of big kernel lock (support for
NET_MPSAFEkernel option for Broadcom 10/100/Gigabit Ethernet interfaces).
- ciss(4) - added support for PERFORMANT mode and MSI/MSI-X on supported HP Smart Array RAID controllers.
- ichsmb(4) - added support for Intel 700 series, Alder Lake-N, and Snow Ridge devices.
- itesio(4) - added support for IT8625E sensors.
- ixv(4) - added support for mailbox API version 1.5, used on vmware ESXi.
- mcx(4) - added hardware checksum offloading, hardware VLAN tagging, and support for multiple receive queues for Mellanox ConnectX multi-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces.
- onewire(4), owtemp(4) - reduced CPU overhead, improved reliability.
- pci(4) - added support for Enhanced Allocations, as seen in Cavium ThunderX based boards.
- pci(4) - added more PCIe 5.x decoding support.
- pms(4) - many improvements to Synaptics trackpad support.
- tty(4) - removed use of the "big kernel lock" from the console tty, improving responsiveness on multi-core systems.
- u3g(4) - added support for ZTE MF112 and D-Link DWM222 3G USB modems.
- udl(4) - improve performance when refreshing mostly static USB displays.
- urndis(4) - added device quirks for the OnePlus 5T.
- urtwn(4) - added support for the TRENDnet TEW-648UBM Micro Wireless USB Adapter.
- wm(4) - added support for Intel Tiger Lake and newer devices (I219V 15-V9 and LM 16-19).
- xhci(4) - added initial support for isochronous pipes (works with e.g. USB 3.x webcams)
Improved support for MIPS:
A bootable image,
octeon.img.gz. is now provided for Cavium OCTEON MIPS64 boards, such as the Ubiquiti ERLite-3. The
ERLITEkernel configuration was renamed to
Added support for ofctl(8) and
/dev/openfirm. enabled on Cavium Octeon cores.
- Added flattened device tree, USB 3, CPU core support on Cavium Octeon.
- Added support for kernel modules.
- Ported dtrace(1) and the crash(8) kernel debugger.
- Increased the maximum text size for binaries from 64MB to 128MB for O32.
- A bootable image,
Improved support for vintage hardware:
alpha: Many performance and MP stability improvements.
Enabled multiprocessor support by default in
- amiga: Support for Kickstart 3.2 (the release from 2020).
loadbsdbootloader now loads the kernel into the highest priority memory segment instead of the largest segment.
atari: Added box drawing character support to the
- evbppc: Added support for the DHT Walnut 405GP board.
- hp300: Implemented bitmap operations support for the EVRX framebuffer on the HP9000/425e.
hp300: Added support for multiple
rd(4)disks on all
hppa: Enabled support for kernel moduels in
- luna68k: Added support for keyboard LED and buzzer controls via wskbd(4).
psgpam(4)driver for the YM2149 PSG/SSG sound chip.
- luna68k: Improved framebuffer graphics and text console performance.
- macppc: Improved iMac G5 compatibility: added support for the GeForce framebuffer, and CPU temperature and fan sensors.
- mac68k: Added support for synchronous transfer to the esp(4) SCSI driver on Quadra/Centris AV models.
- next68k: Many fixes to get the port working again.
- sparc: wsdisplay(4) perfomance improvements.
- sparc64: Added environment monitoring for the Sun Enterprise 250.
- x68k: Added Emulate3Buttons support to the monolithic X server.
x68k: Added box drawing character support to the
vax: Ported the
smg(4)framebuffer drivers for the VAXstation 3100 from old versions of OpenBSD.
- vax: Support booting on machines with as little as 8MB and as high as 512MB RAM.
- alpha: Many performance and MP stability improvements. Enabled multiprocessor support by default in
Many improvements to Xen support:
- Added support for Xen PVH.
- Added support for Xen PV drivers under HVM guests.
- Added support for jumbo frames and feature-sg to paravirtualized network interfaces.
- Dom0 kernels now have multiprocessor support enabled.
- Xen kernels now use the same kernel modules as native kernels.
Paravirtualized network devices (xennet(4)), block devices
(xbd(4)) are now
MPSAFEand can take advantage of kernel paralellization.
- Many improvements to HyperV support:
- VirtIO driver enhancements:
NetBSD Virtual Machine Monitor (nvmm(4)) improvements:
- Allow the host to suspend and resume while a virtual machine is running.
- Added support for REP CMPS x86 instructions.
- Added support for QEMU's virtual "mipssim" machine to NetBSD/evbmips, including extensions for virtio(4).
- Added support for running NetBSD/alpha in QEMU.
- Added support for VMware ESXi-Arm and Oracle Cloud to NetBSD/aarch64.
Networking stack improvements:
- Implemented RFC 7048 in the kernel's network stack, relaxing rules for IPv6 Neighbor Discovery retransmissions. IPv6 Neighbor Detection is now address agnostic and is used by ARP.
- ipsec(4) - added net.key.allow_different_idtype sysctl(7) option to improve interconnectivity with some VPN appliances.
- lagg(4) - new scalable link aggregation and link failover interface, replaces agr(4).
- vether(4) - new virtual Ethernet interface with configurable address for use as a bridge(4) endpoint, replaces tap(4) in some scenarios.
File system and storage improvements:
- Added support for POSIX.1e access control lists to FFS via extended attributes (from FreeBSD). A new file system type, FFSv2ea has been introduced for this purpose. Users can use fsck_ffs(8) to upgrade a file system to support extended attributes. For compatibility with previous releases, FFSv2ea is not yet the default.
- Various UDF changes to enable bug-compatibility with UDF file systems on Windows 10.
- fstat(1) - added basic ZFS support.
- refuse(3) - now supports all FUSE API variants from FUSE 1.1 to FUSE 3.10.
- raid(4) - added support for swapped-endian configurations.
- blkdiscard(8) - new front end for fdiscard(2) to manually TRIM a disk.
raidctl(8) - added
-toption to test the validity of config files.
- newfs_udf(8) - added support for formatting of UDF 2.50 with a metadata partition.
scan_ffs(8) - added
SIGINFOsupport, to display the status of the scan when Ctrl+T is pressed.
New userspace programs:
- aiomixer(1) - curses(3)-based console audio mixer.
- realpath(1) - prints absolute paths from relative paths, including resolving symbolic links.
- tradcpp(1) - K&R style C macro processor, for programs in base that use C preprocessor macros in their configuration files but should still work without a C compiler installed.
ioctlprint(1) - prints descriptive
- testpat(6) - display a color test pattern.
- warp(6) - classic BSD space war game (copyright donated to the NetBSD Foundation by Larry Wall).
- fsck_udf(8) - new command for repairing damage to Universal Disk Format file systems, making UDF a suitable reliable read-write choice for cross-system shared disks.
Improvements to userspace programs:
- audioplay(1) - added ability to decode 64-bit and 32-bit IEEE floating point RIFF WAVE files.
date(1) - added
-foption to set the time.
date(1) - added
-Roption for displaying time in RFC 5322 format, similar to GNU date.
df(1) - added
-b(output unit: blocks; 512),
-husing SI units),
-N(suppress the header line), and
-f(show only free space) options.
env(1) - added
-uflag to remove an environment variable, and
-0to allow variable input separated by NUL characters.
- ftp(1) - added SSL/TLS certificate verification.
- ftp(1) - follow redirects to relative HTTP URLs.
ftp(1) - add timeout for SSL connection setup, using
-q QUITTIME. defaulting to 60 seconds.
grep(1) - with
-rand no file argument, search the current directory.
- indent(1) - support for newer standard C syntax.
ldd(1) - added a
-voption to increase verbosity and show all executable processing errors.
make(1) - added a
randomize-targetsoption to aid in debugging
make(1) - added a
.breakkeyword to terminate
- mv(1) - added a '-h' option to atomically replace a symlink to a directory.
- netstat(1) - added various new packet counters.
- nbperf(1) - various optimizations; reduced memory footprint by 30%.
- patch(1) - added support for patching files with excessively long lines.
pgrep(1) - added
-qflag to silence output, like in grep(1).
pmap(1) - added
-tflag to print the pmap as the underlying RB tree.
ps(1) - added
-Gflag to take a single group argument, as required by POSIX.2.
rcp(1) - added
SIGINFO(ctrl+t status) support.
sh(1), ksh(1), csh(1) - added
jobs -Zto set the process title, as in zsh.
- sh(1) - added command auto-completion.
sh(1) - added
-loption to force the creation of a login shell.
sh(1) - added
-d ''option to the
readcommand to accompany
xargs -0for compatibility with upcoming POSIX releases.
- script(1) - added proper playback of curses(3) sessions.
- vacation(1) - check 'Auto-Submitted:' (RFC 3834) mail header in addition to 'Precedence:' (RFC 2076), and set 'Precedence:' in addition to 'Auto-Submitted:'.
- vmstat(1) - added fast sysctl(7)-based kernel hash statistics generation
worms(6) - added more types of worms,
-Cto use colour,
-Soption to set the random number generator seed,
cgdconfig(8) - added
-Toption to print all generated keys.
- crash(8) - added PowerPC and MIPS support.
- httpd(8) - added blocklistd(8) support.
httpd(8) - added a
-qflag to disable log messages.
inetd(8) - added a
-fflag to run in the foreground.
iostat(8) - added a
-zflag to suppress output of inactive devices.
- sysinst(8) - added support for configuring Wi-Fi devices.
sysinst(8) - automatically configure lookups of
.localdomains in nsswitch.conf(5) when Multicast DNS is enabled.
tprof(8) - added
topsubcommand to display hardware profiling results in real-time.
tprof(8) - added
countsubcommand to output raw performance event counters.
- tprof(8) - added support for profiling AMD family 19h (Zen 3 and Zen 4), Intel Comet Lake.
wsfontload(8) - added a
-lflag to list all loaded and built-in fonts.
- wsfontload(8) - support for a new font format with embedded metadata.
- wsmoused(8) - added support for absolute mouse position events, e.g. touchscreens.
New and extended APIs:
- eventfd(2), timerfd(2) - new native system calls compatible with Linux, also used in compat_linux(8)
- fexecve(2) - new system call for executing a file from a file descriptor, conforming to The Open Group Extended API Set 2.
kqueue(2) - added
EVFILT_USERfor user-established events.
ppoll(2) - an alias of the native system call
polltsfor compatibility with other operating systems.
curses(3) - added stub mouse functions and
curses_version()for compatibility with ncurses.
- curses(3) - improved Unicode support.
- fetch(3) - enable Server Name Indication for TLS connections.
getentropy(3) - new libc function for getting random data from the
kernel similarly to
KERN_ARND. compatible with various other OSes.
- math(3) - added definitions for more long double functions.
- ossaudio(3) - added an implementation of the OSSv4 mixer API.
- hosts_access(3) - added blocklistd(8) support, enabling all programs using libwrap to block access from denied hosts.
- regex(3) - added native language support, and support for GNU extensions (off by default; from FreeBSD).
Added BSD-licensed Spleen bitmap fonts for low and high-DPI displays to
the X11 sets and
/usr/share/wscons/fonts. made them the default for ctwm(1).
Added Terminus console fonts to
- wskbd(4) - added definitions for French BÉPO and German Neo 2 layouts.
- wsmouse(4) - added "precision scrolling" event types compatible with OpenBSD and use them in touchpad drivers and Xorg(1).
compat_linux(8) - added
timerfd. POSIX timers,
- Added BSD-licensed Spleen bitmap fonts for low and high-DPI displays to the X11 sets and
- Networking setups using tap(4) as a bridge(4) endpoint must be updated to use vether(4) instead, as tap(4)'s link state is now based on whether it has been opened by an application.
For security reasons, compat_linux(8) is
now disabled by default.
To load it at boot time, add
The default package database for new installations was changed to
/usr/pkg/pkgdbfor consistency with other pkgsrc platforms, replacing
- Many systems that would have been fine previously may now print warnings about **not enough entropy** to the kernel message buffer. This is because now only vetted hardware sources count towards the kernel's entropy estimation. See entropy(7).
- IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi) devices now require SSID configuration in order to associate with an open access point.
blacklistd(8), a daemon that can block and release ports on demand to avoid DoS abuse, was renamed to blocklistd(8).
Changed the default shell of the
/rescue/shto ensure that a user with a statically linked shell exists on the default install, in case of trouble.
Xorg now determines the default keyboard layout based on wscons
configuration instead of
/etc/xorg.conf. To override the default, use setxkbmap(1).
- Disabled automatic unloading of kernel modules - kernel modules must now opt-in to automatic unloading.
Combined the midi and sequencer kernel modules into a single
- arm: ROCKPro64 ld(4) disk device ordering was changed due to the addition of sdio devices.
- arm: Switched to XZ-compressed sets for AArch64 (please update your scripts accordingly).
x86: HDMI and DisplayPort audio were enabled in the
GENERICkernel config. Users may have to change the default audio device with audiocfg(1) if they want to continue using non-HDMI/DP audio.
crunchgen(1) - various special variable handling flags were removed
and replaced with
pam(8) - pam_krb5(8) and pam_ksu(8) were disabled by
kqueue(2) - the
udatatype was changed from
void *for compatibility with other BSDs.
- curses(3) - changed the default colour pair to 0 in line with other curses implementations.
- proplib(3) - various API changes and additions. older APIs that have been replaced now produce deprecation warnings.
- iconv(3) - the input argument was changed to be non-const to match current POSIX, previously being const for compatibility with other standards (e.g. SUSv2).
- resolver(3) - the default was changed to check-names (see resolv.conf(5)), which means that hostnames that contain invalid characters will not resolve.
Many obsolete components were removed with the aim of making the network stack and kernel more maintainable, and to make future system-wide improvements (e.g. improved SMP) easier. In some cases removed drivers couldn't be tested due to lack of available hardware and interest, or contained serious long-term bugs.
- Drivers and support for networking technologies largely replaced by Ethernet: HIPPI, FDDI, and TokenRing.
Drivers and support for some old evbarm boards (those that
required a custom kernel), as part of the move to support every
evbarm device with one
GENERICkernel. Hardware dropped includes TI OMAP devices other than the OMAP3530 and AM335x, such as the Gumstix and Hawkboard.
In-kernel SMBFS -
mount_smbfs(8). This did not support modern versions of the SMB protocol, and userspace implementations are more functional.
- In-kernel IPv6 Router Advertisment handling - now handled in userspace by dhcpcd(8).
azalia(4)- a driver which was replaced by hdaudio(4) in past releases.
de(4)- a driver which was replaced by tlp(4) in past releases.
strip(4)- a driver for Metricom Ricochet packet radios.
urio(4)- a driver for Diamond Multimedia Rio500 MP3 players.
uscanner(4)- a driver for very old USB scanners, use ugen(4) and SANE instead.
uyap(4)- a driver for USB YAP phone firmware loaders.
uyurex(4)- a driver for a novelty device made by the art group Maywa-denki in 2008.
sup(1)- a client for the CMU Software Upgrade Protocol. It is available in pkgsrc.
- Support for ISD's non-standard ATA protocol in umass(4), used for accessing storage in early Archos MP3 players.
CIRCLEQfrom queue(3), it was deprecated since NetBSD 7 due to pointer aliasing violations.
Several libraries from the X11 distribution:
libglut(while GLUT is still useful with modern X servers, libglut users are recommended to switch to FreeGLUT, which is available in pkgsrc). If necessary, removed libraries can continue to be used by installing
Various third-party components included in the NetBSD base system were updated:
- ctwm(1) - updated to 4.0.3.
- file(1) - updated to 5.43.
- gcc(1) - updated to 10.5.
- lua(1) - updated to 5.4.6.
- openssl(1) - updated to OpenSSL-3.0.12.
- postfix(1) - updated to 3.7.3.
- tmux(1) - updated to 3.2a
- ssh(1), sshd(8) - updated to OpenSSH 9.5. - Note RSA/SHA-1 signature deprecation. You may need to re-enable ssh-rsa support when connecting to older servers.
- yacc(1) - updated to byacc 20210109.
- Xorg(1) - updated to 21.1.7.
dhcpcd(8) - updated to 9.4.1.
Privilege separation is now enabled.
If you are upgrading manually, be sure
to create a
_dhcpcduser and group.
- dhcpd(8) - updated to 4.4.3-P1.
- named(8) - updated to 9.16.42.
nsd(8)- updated to 4.6.0.
- ntpd(8) - updated to 4.2.8p15.
- pppd(8) - updated to 2.4.9.
- resolvconf(8) - updated to 3.12.0
- tcpdump(8) - updated to 4.9.3.
- kerberos(8) - updated to Heimdal 7.8.0.
- unbound(8) - updated to 1.16.3.
- wpa_supplicant(8) - updated to 2.9.
- ldap(3) - updated to 2.5.6.
- pcap(3) - updated to 1.9.1.
- openpam(3) - updated to 20190224.
- acpi(4) - updated ACPICA to 20210604.
- services(5) - updated to version 2019-10-04 from IANA.
- binutils - updated to 2.34.
- libfido2 - updated to 1.13.0.
- pam-u2f - updated to 1.2.0.
- tzdata updated to tzdata2023cgtz, tzcode updated to 2022g.
- zlib - updated to 1.2.13
Complete source and binaries for NetBSD 10.0 are available for download at many sites around the world. You can download NetBSD 10.0 from our main CDN, or use a mirror site close to you. A list of hashes, signed by the NetBSD Security Officer's PGP key, is available for the NetBSD 10.0 distribution in this file.
NetBSD is free. All of the code is under non-restrictive licenses, and may be used without paying royalties to anyone. Free support services are available via our mailing lists and website. Commercial support is available from a variety of sources. More extensive information on NetBSD is available from our website:
The NetBSD 10.0 release provides supported binary distributions for the following systems:
|NetBSD/acorn32||Acorn RiscPC/A7000, VLSI RC7500|
|NetBSD/algor||Algorithmics, Ltd. MIPS evaluation boards|
|NetBSD/alpha||Digital/Compaq Alpha (64-bit)|
|NetBSD/amd64||AMD family processors like Opteron, Athlon64, and Intel CPUs with EM64T extension|
|NetBSD/amiga||Commodore Amiga and MacroSystem DraCo|
|NetBSD/amigappc||PowerPC-based Amiga boards.|
|NetBSD/arc||MIPS-based machines following the Advanced RISC Computing spec|
|NetBSD/atari||Atari TT030, Falcon, Hades|
|NetBSD/bebox||Be Inc's BeBox|
|NetBSD/cats||Chalice Technology's CATS and Intel's EBSA-285 evaluation boards|
|NetBSD/cesfic||CES FIC8234 VME processor board|
|NetBSD/cobalt||Cobalt Networks' MIPS-based Microservers|
|NetBSD/dreamcast||Sega Dreamcast game console|
|NetBSD/emips||The Extensible MIPS architecture from Microsoft Research|
|NetBSD/epoc32||Psion EPOC PDAs|
|NetBSD/evbarm||Various Arm-based evaluation boards and appliances|
|NetBSD/evbmips||Various MIPS-based evaluation boards and appliances|
|NetBSD/evbppc||Various PowerPC-based evaluation boards and appliances|
|NetBSD/evbsh3||Various Hitachi Super-H SH3 and SH4-based evaluation boards and appliances|
|NetBSD/ews4800mips||NEC's MIPS-based EWS4800 workstation|
|NetBSD/hp300||Hewlett-Packard 9000/300 and 400 series|
|NetBSD/hpcarm||StrongArm based Windows CE PDA machines|
|NetBSD/hpcmips||MIPS-based Windows CE PDA machines|
|NetBSD/hpcsh||Hitachi Super-H based Windows CE PDA machines|
|NetBSD/hppa||Hewlett-Packard 9000 Series 700 workstations|
|NetBSD/i386||IBM PCs and PC clones with i486-family processors and up|
|NetBSD/ibmnws||IBM Network Station 1000|
|NetBSD/iyonix||Castle Technology's Iyonix Arm based PCs|
|NetBSD/landisk||SH4 processor based NAS appliances|
|NetBSD/luna68k||OMRON Tateisi Electric's LUNA series|
|NetBSD/mac68k||Apple Macintosh with Motorola 68k CPU|
|NetBSD/macppc||Apple PowerPC-based Macintosh and clones|
|NetBSD/mipsco||MIPS Computer Systems Inc. family of workstations and servers|
|NetBSD/mmeye||Brains mmEye multimedia server|
|NetBSD/mvme68k||Motorola MVME 68k Single Board Computers|
|NetBSD/mvmeppc||Motorola PowerPC VME Single Board Computers|
|NetBSD/netwinder||StrongArm based NetWinder machines|
|NetBSD/news68k||Sony's 68k-based “NET WORK STATION” series|
|NetBSD/newsmips||Sony's MIPS-based “NET WORK STATION” series|
|NetBSD/next68k||NeXT 68k “black” hardware|
|NetBSD/ofppc||OpenFirmware PowerPC machines|
|NetBSD/pmax||Digital MIPS-based DECstations and DECsystems|
|NetBSD/prep||PReP (PowerPC Reference Platform) and CHRP machines|
|NetBSD/rs6000||IBM RS/6000 MCA-based PowerPC machines.|
|NetBSD/sandpoint||Motorola Sandpoint reference platform, including many PPC-based NAS boxes|
|NetBSD/sgimips||Silicon Graphics' MIPS-based workstations|
|NetBSD/shark||Digital DNARD (“shark”)|
|NetBSD/sparc||Sun SPARC (32-bit) and UltraSPARC (in 32-bit mode)|
|NetBSD/sparc64||Sun UltraSPARC (in native 64-bit mode)|
|NetBSD/sun2||Sun Microsystems Sun 2 machines with Motorola 68010 CPU|
|NetBSD/sun3||Motorola 68020 and 030 based Sun 3 and 3x machines|
|NetBSD/x68k||Sharp X680x0 series|
|NetBSD/xen||The Xen virtual machine monitor|
|NetBSD/zaurus||Sharp Arm PDAs|
Ports included in the release but not fully supported or functional:
|NetBSD/ia64||Itanium family of processors|
NetBSD 10.0 is dedicated to the memory Ryo Shimizu, who passed before it could be released.
ryo@'s contributions to NetBSD, to our community, to ARM and networking (and indeed, to this release) were beyond immense. We are all deeply saddened at the loss of an excellent technical contributor and good friend.
The NetBSD Foundation would like to thank all those who have contributed code, hardware, documentation, funds, colocation for our servers, web pages and other documentation, release engineering, and other resources over the years. More information on the people who make NetBSD happen is available at:
We would also like to thank the Tasty Lime and the Network Security Lab at Columbia University's Computer Science Department for current colocation services. Thanks to Fastly for providing the CDN services.
NetBSD is a free, fast, secure, and highly portable Unix-like Open Source operating system. It is available for a wide range of platforms, from large-scale servers and powerful desktop systems to handheld and embedded devices. Its clean design and advanced features make it excellent for use in both production and research environments, and the source code is freely available under a business-friendly license. NetBSD is developed and supported by a large and vibrant international community. Many applications are readily available through pkgsrc, the NetBSD Packages Collection.
The NetBSD Foundation was chartered in 1995, with the task of overseeing core NetBSD project services, promoting the project within industry and the open source community, and holding intellectual property rights on much of the NetBSD code base. Day-to-day operations of the project are handled by volunteers.
As a non-profit organization with no commercial backing, the NetBSD Foundation depends on donations from its users, and we would like to ask you to consider making a donation to the NetBSD Foundation in support of continuing production of our fine operating system. Your generous donation would be particularly welcome to help with ongoing upgrades and maintenance, as well as with operating expenses for the NetBSD Foundation.
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